Date of Award

Spring 6-1-2024

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Architecture (MArch)



First Advisor

Tamara Metz

Second Advisor

Jonathan Knowles


The urban environment lacks sufficient public places to be alone, where individuals can feel free to seek respite from the intensity of city life. While solitude is easily achievable in the vast landscape of the natural world, it is something that must be carefully and deliberately carved out within the confines of the city and remains inaccessible to many. We’ve all heard of follies in the landscape, both sitting in remote places and dispersed throughout public parks in either case taking advantage of open space, but why couldn’t we carve room for follies in denser environments? What can be extracted from existing follies and learned from to create spaces of solitude? This thesis identifies essential spatial and architectural qualities present in expressly remote, man-made structures, to determine what architectural motifs add to feelings of solitude. Analysis of these architectural motifs highlights two important conditions. Firstly these manifest primarily as transitional spaces. Secondly, there are a number of associated dualities striking a precarious balance within them; disconnection and reconnection, reorientation and disorientation, views in and views out, visual weight and apparent lightness, and removal from the ground plane and puncture into the ground plane. Through remixing and reapplying the catalog of spatial conditions extracted from follies in the landscape a proposal for an urban follie is developed which questions the role of solitude within the city.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.