Date of Award

Spring 6-1-2024

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Landscape Architecture (MLA)


Landscape Architecture

First Advisor

Elizabeth Dean Hermann

Second Advisor

Nick De Pace


Bilateral Vertical Urbanization envisions a bright future for urban development. Metropolises are currently facing the dilemma of dense population, small living area per capita, long commuting times, traffic congestion, and other urban problems. My thesis proposes an innovative urban development strategy, suggesting the redevelopment of underground space resources in cities to improve urban space utilization and help alleviate the crisis of overcrowding. San Francisco, the shining jewel on the West Coast of the United States, is facing this dilemma, as well as the long-term risks of devastating earthquakes and rising sea levels.

My urban planning methodology points out that we can not only adhere to the method of developing the city vertically toward the sky but also create new possibilities for urban development toward the center of the earth. I redefined the ground surface of the city, established new connections between underground space and space currently in the air, and elaborated on the advantages of Bilateral Vertical Urbanization compared to traditional urban development methods. Bilateral Vertical Urbanization can not only improve the population problems of large cities but can provide cities with bonuses, such as preventive measures against earthquakes.



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