Date of Award

Spring 6-3-2023

Document Type


Degree Name

Master in Interior Architecture


Interior Architecture

First Advisor

Eduardo Benamor Duarte

Second Advisor

Ana Gabriela Loayza


Even though Manhattan has a lot of green space, it is not sufficient to reduce the urban heat island effect of so much concrete and metal. This thesis proposes a new way to create more green infrastructure in dense urban areas. by utilizing the stack effect through a chimney structure as an air purifier. Additionally, it proposes the widespread use of facades with Heliostats to produce and use solar energy within the structures.

This thesis considers a four-storeyed parking lot that has two entrances on the south and the north. Its walls are merged with those of the adjacent mid-rise buildings. First of all, chimneys are offset from the merged walls of the adjacent buildings. These chimneys are used as air purifiers with the stack effect. Second, the exterior walls of the parking lot as ventilated Façades purify air. Simultaneously, the proposed Façade with Heliostats operates and maintains the entire design. Third, cores of the adjacent buildings are vertically extended and used with offset chimneys as the foundation of new green infrastructure. Here new green infrastructure consists of various kinds of dense vegetation. Fourth, the void between the parking lot and new green infrastructure is left as a source of clean energy.



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